Afghanistan’s Transit System

Afghanistan’s Transit System Afghanistan’s present dry cargo trade is concentrated along two main axes toward Pakistan and Iran (Table 1.1). The Pakistan route handles bilateral trade and most relief and donor cargo, while the Iranian route handles most of the commercial freight from third countries. Petroleum products are imported through Iran (50 percent) as well […]

Transportation And Telecommunications In Afghanistan 

Transportation And Telecommunications In Afghanistan  Overview: Afghanistan’s transportation system, which prior to 1979 was rudimentary except for a modern system of main roads, suffered severe damage during the ensuing two decades. In the post-2001 era, the weak transportation infrastructure has been a major deterrent to realizing Afghanistan’s potential as a regional commercial crossroads. The road […]

Trade of Afghanistan

Afghanistan Trade Afghanistan is an economically downtrodden country that relies highly on farming and livestock. There was an astronomical decline in the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country in the last two decades of the 20th century. The contributing factors included disruption in trade and transport, and loss of capital and labor. The economic activities […]

Government And Politics of Afghanistan

Government And Politics of Afghanistan Overview: The adoption of a new constitution in January 2004 and the election of Hamid Karzai as president in October 2004 were considered major advances in Afghanistan’s fragmented political life. However, day-to-day control of the provinces proved difficult both before and after the election, and substantial regional power centers remained […]

Commercial law in Afghanistan

Commercial law in Afghanistan and doing business Trade Regulations, Customs and Standards Import Tariffs The Afghan Customs Department collects tariffs on all imported goods and some goods intended for export from Afghanistan. The structure of the Tariff Schedule meets Afghanistan’s obligations under the International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding and Classification System, […]

Industry of Afghanistan

Industry of Afghanistan Industry and Manufacturing Before the wars of the late twentieth century, industry was based on the processing of local agricultural products, including textiles, sugar, and chemical fertilizers made from natural gas or coal. The main manufacturing center was the Kabul region.  In 2004, all of Afghanistan’s industrial sector had stopped producing or […]

Agriculture in the Afghan Economy

Agriculture in the Afghan Economy The Macro Setting Afghanistan’s economic growth averaged 9.4 percent per year between 2003 and 2012. Part of this exceptional growth performance can be explained by the high level of aid Afghanistan received in the past decade, which raised aggregate demand for goods, services, and construction. Official development aid and military […]

Afghanistan: Introduction

Afghanistan Formal Name Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (Dowlat-e Eslami-ye-Afghanistan). Short form of Name Afghanistan Capital Kabul NO of Provinces 34 Official Languages Dari (Persian) and Pashto Population 38,358,715 Currency Afghani Term for Citizen(s) Afghan(s) Independence 1919 Country Telephone Code +93 Major Cities Herat (Herat), Jalalabad, Kandahar (Qandahar), Kondoz (Kunduz), and Mazar-e Sharif. Government Type Afghanistan […]

Geography of Afghanistan

Geography of Afghanistan Location: Afghanistan is located in Central Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran, and south of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. The narrow Wakhan Corridor extends from north-easternmost Afghanistan to meet with China. Size: Afghanistan occupies approximately 647,500 square kilometers, slightly less than Texas. Land Boundaries: Afghanistan has borders with the […]

History of Afghanistan

Historical Background The Pre-Islamic Period: Archaeological evidence indicates that urban civilization began in the region occupied by modern Afghanistan between 3000 and 2000 B.C. The first historical documents date from the early part of the Iranian Achaemenian Dynasty, which controlled the region from 550 B.C. until 331 B.C. Between 330 and 327 B.C., Alexander the […]
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